Second trimester of pregnancy

Posted on July 30, 2009. Filed under: Pregnancy recipes | Tags: , , , , |

With the onset of the second trimester, you are almost half way through your pregnancy. This trimester is a time of pleasant changes for you and your baby as it is a period of rapid growth and development of the fetus. During this time, the fetus can move, kick and even hear your voice.

Your appetite will get better as your morning sickness will soon begin to disappear. This is also the time you may crave to eat spicy dishes, sour foods or even sweets.
Dosa, Idli, Mexican Rice, Tomato Soup… may be some of these foods you may keep craving for.
Enjoy the foods you long to eat, but eat them in moderation. Don’t binge on pickles and spicy foods. You need to increase your energy and protein levels by eating a healthy nutritious diet. Have the Spinach Malfatti for a nourishing and delicious meal.

Remember to include iodine in your diet as it is essential for your baby’s growth during this trimester. The best way to ensure this is to use a good quality brand of iodized salt in your daily cooking.
Despite being extra cautious of all that you eat, you may face digestive disorders like loose motions and constipation. These are but normal changes that can occur during your pregnancy as a result of hormonal imbalances. Both constipation and diahrroea are relieved by the same natural cure i.e. adding fibre to your diet. Paradoxically, fibre binds the stools during loose motions and flushes the system, by adding bulk in case of constipation. Have plenty of fruits, vegetables, buckwheat, dates, prunes, apricots and dried figs as these foods are rich in fibre.

During this trimester, you will also feel the urge to urinate more frequently. This is because your uterus is enlarging and thus compresses the urinary bladder. It is a natural change that will occur and you will have to answer nature’s calls more frequently, which will deplete your body fluids. Drink at least 2 litres of fluid every day to supplement this loss of fluids.
Relieve yourself as often as you feel the urge to, so that you do not burden your bladder. Many a times, you tend to drink less water so as not to visit the toilet frequently. But remember that drinking less water won’t help you and will cause you more discomfort. It may even cause water retention (oedema) as all the toxins present in your body will not be flushed out.
Leg cramps can also occur during this trimester, primarily because of over exertion and deficiency of calcium in your diet. Dairy products as well as green leafy vegetables provide you with plenty of calcium. Try and include a combination of these foods in your daily diet.
Do remember to visit your gynaecologist more frequently this trimester onwards, as you do need to be monitored more carefully now.

Oedema

Oedema is a natural physiological swelling which develops during the second trimester as a result of water retention. It can occur on any part of your body but for most pregnant women, it is more predominant on the feet, hands and the face. Despite the water retention, do make sure you continue your regular intake of water and fluids. Water is a natural diuretic, which helps to flush out all the toxins that cause water retention in your body, while cleansing your system too!

Salt is one of the major culprits which aggravates oedema. Do try to avoid papads, pickles, salted snacks like wafers and processed and preserved foods as they have a high sugar or salt content which can cause water retention.

You don’t have to cut down your salt intake drastically, especially without consulting your gynaecologist or nutritionist, as you should be consuming at least ½ teaspoon of salt everyday to maintain optimal electrolyte balance in your blood (i.e. the sodium and potassium balance). Don’t take any diuretic tablets to relieve you. These will only make the kidneys produce more urine, in the process depleting your body fluids. These tablets are not advised, as they may be harmful to both you and your baby.
Instead include fruits like papaya and pineapple which have natural diuretic properties and will help you cope with not only oedema but also constipation. So indulge in the delicious Pineapple Passion and Tropical Surprise.

Coping with Heartburn (Acidity)

Acidity or heartburn is another source of discomfort for some pregnant women. It can make you feel uneasy with a burning sensation in your chest, or make you nauseous if it is really severe.
Some women have acidity much before they conceive, while some develop it only during their pregnancy.
You might feel the urge to rely on antacids, when what you actually need is a good nutritious diet and a relaxed mind, free from the hustle and bustle of daily life. Get plenty of fresh air, exercise and a stress free environment.

Work on soothing your body and mind for this is the best medication you can prescribe yourself.
In this matter, YOU are your best doctor!!

1. Try eating 4 to 5 smaller meals during the day, instead of eating 2 to 3 large meals. These small meals can be a khichdi like Wholesome Khichdi or Date and Banana Shake. Combinations like these will satiate you and at the same time will provide you with good nourishment.
2. Eat your evening meal at least an hour or two before you go to bed.
3. Try and stay upright after you have eaten, take a small walk or prop yourself up with pillows for a while. This prevents the reversal of food from the stomach with additional digestive acids that result in heartburn.
4. Eating your meals in a calm, pleasant and serene atmosphere helps.
5. Avoid spicy and oily foods as these will tend to make you feel uncomfortable.
6. Drink more water (at least 6 to 8 glasses in a day) and increase the intake of fruit juices, soups and milk shakes. Consume at least 2 liters of fluid everyday. [Try out Guava Drink or Golden Broth or Orange Yoghurt Milk Shake].
7. Have 3 to 4 glasses of buttermilk everyday if you can handle it as it is God’s nectar for acidity. You can even have fruity variations like My Fair Lady and Strawberry Yoghurt Shake.
8. For some, acidity arises because of citrus fruits or their juices. If this occurs with you, avoid that fruit. Stay on non-acidic fruits like melons, bananas, chickoos etc.

Exercise

Slow but steady is the way to go!!

Your activities may seem a little slower since you will tend to get exhausted more quickly, but do remember that exercise is beneficial during your pregnancy. It will tone your muscles and keep you agile enough to have an easier labour. The best form of exercise is the one you have been comfortable with in the past. But consult your gynaecologist before you indulge in any form of rigorous exercise.

Even your regular household chores are a good form of exercise, but do not over exert and strain yourself doing chores that are strenuous to perform.

There’s nothing like taking a walk with the fresh air blowing on your face. An early morning walk is recommended as this is the best time to synthesize vitamin D in your body from the early morning sunlight. Vitamin D helps in the absorption of calcium which is an essential nutrient required throughout your pregnancy.

The key to exercising correctly is to continue only till you reach just below the point of exhaustion without exerting yourself unnecessarily. Some women may be able to walk for an hour without getting tired whereas others might get tired in 30 minutes.

Yoga and swimming are also excellent forms of exercise that can be continued well into your third trimester. The more active you are during this period, the easier it will be for you when you deliver. Research, shows that women who have had an active pregnancy have a much better chance of having a normal delivery.

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2 Responses to “Second trimester of pregnancy”

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Appreciate for posting this information. I just would like to let you know that I just check out your blog and I find it very interesting and educational. I can not wait to read lots of your blog post.

good educational information


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