INFANCY – seven to nine months

Changes in weaning foods (seven to nine months)

Posted on July 30, 2009. Filed under: INFANCY - seven to nine months | Tags: |

Changes In Weaning Foods

The food groups will remain the same as they were in the last phase viz. 5 to 6 months. Only the textures will change and now you can introduce a larger variety of foods to your little one’s diet.

As your baby grows older, around the age of 8 to 9 months, you can start with whole wheat bread, whole wheat pasta instead of refined pasta and introduce dairy products other than milk (like curds, buttermilk, paneer, etc.)

Liquid Supplements
Milk and Milk products
Your little one may have already accustomed herself to the supplements in her meals so you can now decrease the number of breast feeds per day and increase the fresh milk from 1/2 cup to about 1 cup per day to replace the breast milk. This is also an ideal time to start with home-made milk shakes, porridge diluted with milk, paneer (cottage cheese) to add good sources of calcium to your baby’s diet. Try Chickoo Milk Shake or Fruity Phirnee, which are a good combination of milk and fruits and will please your little one.
Fruit and Vegetable Juices and Soups
By the age of 7 months, most babies begin to experiment with the techniques of biting and chewing and they are quite ready for unstrained soups and juices in increased quantity. All the vegetables, especially green leafy vegetables, can be cooked in small amounts of water, blended along with the water that it is cooked with, as it contains water-soluble vitamins like B and C.

In case of skinned and seeded fruits or vegetables, discard the skin and seeds and use only the pulp. To minimize the risk of infections, do remember to wash and peel the fruits and vegetables thoroughly before feeding your baby.

Semi-Solid to Solid Supplements
Although your baby may be eating the same foods as before, their consistency will change as baby will have acquired new skills like biting, chewing etc.

She may have already graduated to eating mashed cereals (porridge), mashed fruits and vegetables and is ready to try something more adventurous. Grab this opportunity! This is the right time to introduce different combinations and textures of food to your baby’s diet.

Gradually, start with cooked whole dals and pulses as alternative sources of protein to supplement your baby’s diet. Well-cooked dals such as toovar (arhar) dal, masoor dal, moong dal and vegetables can be served at this stage. Add a teaspoon of butter or ghee to improve their nutritive quality, as growing babies need plenty of nourishment to help them grow healthy. Your baby may also be able to handle a moderate amount of spices in her diet by now. So do perk her meals with a simple tadka (tempering) of jeera (cumin seeds) and hing (asafoetida) as these are therapeutic and also aid in digestion.

Food Groups And their Combinations

Make your little one’s meals innovative and interesting. Use different combinations of foods, as shown in the table below, to introduce a variety of textures to your baby’s diet and make it energy and nutrient rich.

Food Groups Examples

Suggested Recipe

2 Food Group Combination Cereal + Pulse Moong Dal Khichdi
Cereal  + Vegetable Spinach Pasta Puree
Milk + Fruits Fruity Cream Cheese
3 Food Group Combination Cereal + Fruit + Milk Fruity Phirnee
Cereal + Vegetable + Milk Palak Paneer Rice
Cereal + Vegetable + Pulse Vegetable Khichdi
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Seven to nine months baby

Posted on July 30, 2009. Filed under: INFANCY - seven to nine months | Tags: , |

Your precious one will be a continuous source of pride and joy to you and will continue to win the hearts of your family and loved ones with her heart warming antics. She will have begun recognizing familiar faces and will start responding to you and making overtures herself by the time she is 6 months or a little older.

By now your little one is not so ‘little’ any more, weighing approximately twice as much as her birth weight. In addition to breast feeding, your baby now needs 2 to 3 supplementary feeds daily, preferably one in the morning, a second in the afternoon and the third in the evening.

She will also have got used to the liquid and semi-solid supplements in her diet. Most babies are at their active best and may also establish a fairly regular eating pattern providing You will need to pay special attention to her diet to provide energy for all her activities over the next 3 months. Your baby will need all her energies and so will you!
At this stage, your baby will welcome new textures in her diet like finely chopped and cooked vegetables, whole cooked dals, unstrained soups and juices. You can start reducing the number of breast feeds by introducing juices and liquids in your baby’s diet.

Your little one may drool and be irritable at times and chances are that she’s teething.Give your baby finger foods like a small piece of toast or carrot, peeled and de-seeded tomatoes or peeled cucumber to nibble. These will help soothe your baby’s gum irritation. Your baby may also start showing signs of independence and will want to hold on to foods. Check out other teething foods such as Teething Biscuits, Whole Wheat Bread Sticks, etc.

These foods encourage your baby to be independent and also give her an opportunity to savour different tastes and textures.

Supervise carefully while your baby is chewing on such foods as she can gulp a big piece down and may choke on it.This is also a great opportunity for her to start learning eating techniques like biting and chewing. As your baby starts cutting teeth, she will want to nibble at anything that comes in her way. She may be irritable and refuse food, wanting to bite on hard objects. This is the time when you have to be most careful and alert and take care not to keep any sharp objects within your baby’s reach as these can hurt her.

During the teething months, sometimes babies may show signs of indigestion or vomit out their food. This is usually a result of chewing on all kinds of things to ease gum irritation. Sterilise all the toys that your baby is likely to chew on. Be careful that your baby does not eat any uncovered food to relieve her irritation, as the latter may be unhygienic and cause digestive problems like diarrhoea and dysentery. Please do not panic and do consult your pediatrician at such times.

You can also now start adding more flavours to your baby’s food. Temper her meals with subtle spices and condiments like salt, pepper and herbs so that she develops a taste for them. Some babies may just love this addition to their meals and happily consume spicy foods like onion, garlic after 6 months while others may find even a simple carrot indigestible. Introduce spices to your baby’s meals only gradually. Add a regulated quantity of iodised salt to your baby’s meals, as it is rich in iodine. Iodine is extremely essential for the functioning of the thyroid gland which controls the metabolism of the body. Also, lack of iodine leads to hormonal irregularities.

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Vegetable khichdi

Posted on June 24, 2009. Filed under: Baby and toddler food, Chawal/rice/pulao/biryani, INFANCY - seven to nine months, Toddlerhood | Tags: , , , |

Khichdi is a complete meal in itself providing plenty of energy, protein and folic acid to your baby. The addition of carrots makes it rich in vitamin A and fibre. This recipe is a good way of introducing a mildly spiced meal to your baby’s diet.

Cooking Time : 15 mins.
Preparation Time : 15 mins.

Makes approx. 1 cup.

Ingredients
2 tablespoons rice
2 tablespoons moong dal (split yellow gram)
1 tablespoon bottle gourd (doodhi/ lauki), peeled and grated
2 tablespoons carrot, peeled and grated
1 peppercorn
1 clove
a pinch turmeric powder (haldi)
1/4 teaspoon cumin seeds (jeera)
a pinch asafoetida (hing)
1/2 teaspoon ghee
salt to taste
Method
1. Wash the rice and moong dal together and keep aside.
2. Heat the ghee in a pressure cooker and add the cumin seeds.
3. When the seeds crackle, add the asafoetida, clove and peppercorn.
4. Add the bottle gourd and carrot and sauté for a few seconds.
5. Add the dal, rice, turmeric powder, salt and 1½ cups of water and pressure cook for 3 whistles.
6. When it is done, remove the peppercorn and clove. Whisk to combine the rice and dal together. Serve lukewarm with fresh curds.
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Palak paneer rice

Posted on May 1, 2009. Filed under: Baby and toddler food, INFANCY - seven to nine months | Tags: , |

This rice delicacy is appealing to most infants because of its bright green colour. Spinach provides the much needed iron and folic acid for your growing baby while paneer is a good source of calcium. This nourishing rice serves as a full meal for lunch or dinner keeping your baby satiated for a longer time.

Cooking Time : 15 mins.
Preparation Time : 15 mins.

Makes 1 cup,.

Ingredients
1/4 cup rice
1/4 cup spinach (palak), chopped
1/4 cup paneer (cottage cheese), chopped
a pinch cumin seeds (jeera)
1/2 teaspoon ghee or oil
salt to taste
Method
1. Heat the ghee in a pan and add the cumin seeds.
2. When the seeds crackle, add the rice and sauté for 2 to 3 minutes.
3. Add the spinach, paneer, salt and 1 cup of water and pressure cook for 2 to 3 whistles. Mix well and serve lukewarm with fresh curds or dal.
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Coriander curd rice

Posted on May 1, 2009. Filed under: Baby and toddler food, INFANCY - seven to nine months | Tags: , |

This mildly flavoured combination of rice with a vegetable (coriander) and a dairy product (curds) helps you to introduce more flavours to your baby’s food. It paves the way for her to adapt to the family food more easily later on, when she is about a year old.
This is a great recipe for a hot summer lunch. You can even grate a little bit of carrots or cucumber into this dish as a variation.

Cooking Time : 15 mins.
Preparation Time : 5 mins.

Makes 3/4 cup.

Ingredients
2 tablespoons rice, washed
1/4 teaspoon cumin seeds (jeera)
a pinch asafoetida (hing)
3 to 4 tablespoons fresh curds (yoghurt)
1 tablespoon chopped coriander
1/2 teaspoon ghee or oil
salt to taste
Method
1. Heat the ghee in a pan and add the cumin seeds.
2. When the seeds crackle, add the asafoetida and the rice and sauté for 2 to 3 minutes.
3. Add approx ¾ cup of water and cook till the rice is overdone and can be mashed easily.
4. Cool the rice, add the curds, coriander and salt and blend it slightly to make a rough purée. Serve at room temperature.
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Spinach pasta puree

Posted on May 1, 2009. Filed under: Baby and toddler food, INFANCY - seven to nine months | Tags: , |

Now that your baby is above the age of 6 months, try this whole wheat pasta purée. The addition of spinach provides iron and folic acid. Paneer makes it all the more delicious and also provides calcium for the healthy growth of your baby’s bones. This purée is a good source of vitamin A that is necessary for healthy skin and good vision and folic acid necessary for normal growth and development of your little one.
If you find that your baby does not like the taste of pepper, avoid adding it to her meals.

Cooking Time : 25 mins.
Preparation Time : 20 mins.

Makes 1/2 cup.

Ingredients
1/2 cup spinach (palak), chopped
1 1/2 tablespoons whole wheat pasta (spaghetti, penne, stellini , or any other small pasta)
1 tablespoon paneer (cottage cheese), shredded
salt and pepper to taste
Method
1. Boil 2 cups of water in a pan and add the pasta.
2. Allow it to cook completely. Drain out all the water and keep the pasta aside.
3. Cook the spinach in approx ½ cup of water and allow it to simmer for 2 to 3 minutes.
4. Add the cooked pasta, paneer, salt and pepper and mix well.
5. Bring it to a boil and cool slightly.
6. Liquidise this mixture in a blender to make a smooth purée. Serve lukewarm.
Tips
Once your baby is older, you can serve this dish without puréeing
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Fruity cream cheese

Posted on May 1, 2009. Filed under: Baby and toddler food, INFANCY - seven to nine months | Tags: , , , , |

Cream cheese (or paneer as we know it), is an excellent source of concentrated energy, protein and calcium. Some babies tire of milk by the time they are 7 months old, but their calcium requirement still needs to be met. This recipe almost fulfils your baby’s daily requirements along with that of vitamin A and vitamin C.

Cooking Time : 10 mins.
Preparation Time : 5 mins.

Makes 1/4 cup.

Ingredients
1 cup milk
1 to 2 teaspoons lemon juice
2 tablespoons puréed strawberries (or mango or peach or plum)
1 teaspoon sugar or jaggery
Method
1. Bring the milk to a boil and keep aside for 2 to 3 minutes.
2. Add 1 teaspoon of lemon juice and stir the milk. If the milk does not curdle completely, add the other teaspoon of lemon juice and allow it to curdle completely. The whey should be transparent.
3. Strain the solids through a muslin cloth, keeping the whey aside.
4. Put the strained cream cheese in a blender and blend to make a smooth paste, adding more whey if you need to thin down the consistency of the cream cheese. Allow it to cool slightly.
5. Add the fruits and sugar and blend again to a smooth puree. Serve immediately.
Tips
Keep the drained whey aside to knead a chapati dough or to add into a soup or dal, as it contains plenty of proteins.
VARIATIONS:
FIG AND APRICOT CREAM CHEESE
Instead of the puréed fruits, you can add 1 fig and 2 apricots, soaked in warm water for 20 minutes and drained. Remember to deseeed the apricots.
DATE CREAM CHEESE
Instead of the fresh fruits, you can add 1 to 2 deseeded dates.
Use the darker variety of dates as they are easy to puree in the blender than the red variety.
CHOCOLATE CREAM CHEESE
Add 2 teaspoons of grated chocolate instead of the puréed fruits.
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Apple porridge

Posted on May 1, 2009. Filed under: Baby and toddler food, INFANCY - seven to nine months | Tags: , |

This wholesome porridge made of oats, apples and milk can be served as a dessert or breakfast after your baby is 6 months. Milk is a good source of calcium, which is extremely important for the development of your baby’s bones and teeth. Oatmeal is high in energy, protein and fibre.

Cooking Time : 10 mins.
Preparation Time : 5 mins.

Makes 1/2 cup.

Ingredients
3 tablespoons quick cooking rolled oats
1/2 cup milk
1 tablespoon jaggery (gur), grated
1/4 apple, peeled and finely chopped
1 teaspoon butter
Method
1. Heat the butter in a pressure cooker and saute the oats for 2 minutes.
2. Add the milk and 1/2 cup of water and pressure cook for 2 whistles.
3. Add the jaggery and apple pieces while the porridge is hot and mix well, using a whisk. Serve lukewarm.
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Banana apple pudding

Posted on May 1, 2009. Filed under: Baby and toddler food, INFANCY - seven to nine months | Tags: , |

A fruity meal that all babies will love. This recipe will also encourage your baby to “chew” the food before she swallows it.
Most babies like to chew on biscuits, even if they have no teeth. A biscuit has been included in this recipe to add a little crunch and a taste of familiarity so that they enjoy this pudding more.

Preparation Time : 10 mins.
Cooking Time : 15 mins.

Makes 1 cup.

Ingredients
1/2 cup banana, chopped
1/2 cup apple, peeled and chopped
1 1/2 tablespoons brown sugar or jaggery (gur)
1 digestive biscuit, crushed
1/2 teaspoon ghee
Method
1. Heat the ghee in a pan and sauté the chopped fruits till they are soft.
2. Add the sugar and mix well till it dissolves.
3. Add the biscuit to the mixture, stir for 2 minutes and serve lukewarm.
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Jowar banana sheera

Posted on May 1, 2009. Filed under: Baby and toddler food, INFANCY - seven to nine months | Tags: , |

After the age of 6 months, your baby will be ready to have foods that are of a more solid consistency. This is just the right dish to start with. It is rich in carbohydrates, protein, iron and calcium and will keep your baby ‘full’ for a longer period of time. I have used banana to sweeten this sheera to make minimal use of jaggery.

Preparation Time : 10 mins.
Cooking Time : 20 mins.

Makes approx. 3/4 cup.

Ingredients
1/4 cup jowar flour (white millet flour)
1 tablespoon jaggery (gur), chopped
1/2 banana, mashed
1/2 cup milk
1 teaspoon ghee
Method
1. Heat the ghee in a pan and add the jowar flour to it. Sauté till it is light brown in colour.
2. Add the milk and ½ cup of water, along with the jaggery, stirring continuously so that no lumps remain.
3. When the sheera is cooked, add the mashed banana and mix it well.
4. Serve lukewarm, adding some warm milk to dilute the consistency to suit your baby’s requirements.
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